Port Arthur historic convict site, Tasmania, Australia.
Port Arthur is a small town and former English prison from 1830-1877 on the Tasman Peninsula, 60 km southeast of Hobart, state capital of Tasmania, Australia. Port Arthur is one of Australia's most significant heritage areas and the open air museum is Tasmania's top tourist attraction. Port Arthur Historic Site was honored in 2010 as part of the Australian Convict Sites on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Penal transportation to Australia from Britain/Ireland occurred 1787-1868 to rid overcrowded prisons of undesirables. In these difficult Dickensian times, inhumane death penalty laws of the “Bloody Code” were falling out of favor for minor offenses and small crimes, and prison populations were swelling in London.Add to Cart Add to Lightbox Download