Stalactites in Schmidt Hall entrance of Skocjan Caves (Skocjanske jame), Slovenia, Europe.
Stalactites cling to the ceiling of Schmidt Hall (Schmidlova dvorana), the natural cave entrance which emerges into the collapsed Velika Dolina (Big Doline, a sinkhole), at Skocjan Caves (Skocjanske jame) Regional Park, Slovenia, Europe. Archaeological finds in the adjacent Tominceva Cave (Ozka spilja) indicate human occupation here from 3000 BC to 1700 BC. Modern tourism began in Skocjan Caves by 1819. Skocjan Caves feature a river raging through one of the world's largest caverns, waterfalls, speleothems (cave formations such as dripstone: stalactites and stalagmites), and twisty paths through eleven chambers over six kilometers. The underground walk over Cerkvenik Bridge 50 meters above the rushing Reka River takes your breath away in the huge Martel's Chamber (Martelova dvorana), the highest cave hall in Europe (60 meters wide and 140 meters deep, which looks bigger in the dim lighting). From a large-scale karst drainage, the Reka River has carved and dissolved dramatic subterranean passages through limestone over several million years. Karst topography is a geologic formation of dissolving bedrock. Our word for "karst" likely evolved from the Slovene noun kras and earlier proper noun Grast, referring to Slovenia's Karst Plateau. Skocjan Caves are near Divaca, in the Littoral region of the Republic of Slovenia. UNESCO has listed Skocjan Caves as a World Heritage Site.Add to Cart Add to Lightbox Download