Map of Chesapeake Bay area: Captain John Smith's voyages from Jamestown Island. Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.
This map of the Chesapeake Bay area shows Jamestown Island and Williamsburg to be only about 8 miles apart. Working on behalf of the London entrepreneurs of The Virginia Company, Captain John Smith played a pivotal role in establishing the tiny, struggling settlement of Jamestown, the first successful English colony in North America. Using just an oversized rowboat with a single canvas sail, Captain John Smith and his crew surveyed 3000 miles of Chesapeake Bay and tributaries in 1607-1609 while searching for food desperately needed by the colony. They thoroughly explored the area and parlayed with and sometimes battled with the Chesapeake 's diverse Native peoples. Located in James City County when it was formed in 1634 as one of the original eight shires of Virginia, Jamestown was the capital of the Colony for 83 years, from 1616 until 1698. In 1698, the capital was relocated to Middle Plantation, about 8 miles (13 km) distant, a small community which was already home to the new College of William and Mary in 1693 and was renamed Williamsburg in 1699.Add to Cart Add to Lightbox Download